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Understanding the Basics of Medicare Supplements


Medicare is the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease. It is divided into Parts A, B, C and D. The different parts are organized to help cover specific needs.

Part A
Part A is Hospital Insurance that is provided through the Federal Government.  It provides coverage for inpatient hospital stays, skilled nursing facility care, and hospice care.

Part B
Part B is Medical Insurance that is provided through the Federal Government.  It helps cover doctor’s visits and outpatient care.  Also, it provides coverage for some preventative services, occupational therapy, physical therapy and home health.

Part C
Medicare Advantage (MA) & Medicare Advantage Drug Coverage (MAPD) is provided through Health Insurance Companies.  This covers everything Part A & B cover, and often things like wellness and fitness memberships. MAPDs also include prescription drug coverage.

Part D
Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (PDP) is provided through insurance companies and other private companies. This is optional – however, if you wait until after you are originally eligible then you may have to pay a penalty.

Together, Hospital Part A Insurance and Medical Part B Insurance, make up original Medicare which is provided through the Federal Government for those eligible.  It provides coverage for most of the care you may need, but not all of it.

Medicare does not cover long-term care, most dental care, eye exams related to prescription glasses, dentures, cosmetic surgery, acupuncture and hearing aids. In some cases, even if a service or item is covered, you generally have to pay your deductible, coinsurance and copayments.



Medicare Supplement, or Medigap, plans are sold by private insurance companies to help with the balance of Medicare approved services after original Medicare has paid.

• You have 6 months from when you turn 65, or enroll in Medicare Part B, to take advantage of guaranteed issue.
• You can apply any time during the year, but Medical Underwriting may be required.

Note: You must be enrolled in Parts A & B to be eligible.



These plans are standardized, but they offer a variety of coverage options.  You are not required to use a specific provider network to receive care. Currently, there are 10 standardized Medigap plans, each represented by a letter (A, B, C, D, F, G, K, L, M, N; there’s also a high-deductible Plan F). These are sold in most states. The benefits of each plan within a lettered category remain the same, however premiums will vary.

Medicare Graph

* F offer high-deductible plan. You pay for Medicare-covered costs up to the deductible amount before plan pays
** N pays 100% of the part b coinsurance except up to $20 copays for some office visits and up to $50 copays for emergency room visits (if admitted, the plan waives your ER copay.

So how does it work? Medigap lets Medicare pay its share of the Medicare-approved amounts for covered health care costs. Then, the Medigap policy pays its share. This typically includes the copayments, coinsurance and deductibles.

Before you apply for Medicare Supplement plans, it is important to consider a number of things. First, in order to get a Medicare Supplement plan, you must have Medicare Part A and Part B. Second, the cost of premiums, deductibles, coinsurance, and copayments should help you decide which plan is best for you. Third, make sure you pick and research your preferred doctors and hospitals ahead of time – do they accept Medicare assignment?

To apply, request a quote.